LEARNING DISORDERS IN CHILDRENS
Have you ever seen a child scribbling on the wall or a paper…?
We relate this activity with playing but if you observe carefully, the child tries to draw what is around him. The irregular lines show the story that the child wants to tell the world.
When parents introduce the child with the pen, pencil, and paper, they take the step towards incorporating the skills like drawing, writing, and reading. Parents work towards the learning process of the child. No doubt, these skills have great importance in an infant’s life.
We usually come across the situations where the kid is asked to recite a poem or anything else learned at school. An accurately said, ‘A, B, C, D…’ song is always appreciated. What if, it goes like, ‘A, B, D, O…’? The common psychology of parents is not to appreciate this. Sometimes the child hears abusing words for making mistakes.
Mistakes in poem recitation, bad handwriting, poor marks in exams, etc are very common in children. This can be overcome by the practice of reading and writing. But if this happens frequently even after a lot of practice then it becomes very important to understand the other side of the coin.
Maybe the child is not getting grip on the tools. May be remembering the correct order is troublesome for the child. Confusion between the rhyming words could be the reason for mistakes. Maybe the calculations seem terrifying to the child’s mind. There could be various such things the child is going through.
Will you expect an immature mind to determine these problems and inform the parents…?
Absolutely not! This is where the situation can become more challenging for the child as they don’t know the reason for these difficulties. Some major symptoms of learning disorders are as follows:
- Problem in remembering sequences
- Improper pronunciation
- Facing confusion in numbers
- Unable to differentiate shapes and sizes of things
- Trouble in controlling the writing tools.
Following are some commonly seen learning disorders in children.
Dyslexia is a disorder in which an infant faces difficulty in reading. If you think your child is alone in this society having this disorder then you are wrong. You must know that more than 10 million dyslexia cases appear per year in India. This is a commonly seen disorder worldwide. In Dyslexia recognizing the meaning of the word, understanding the link between sound and word are the difficulties that a child may face.
While dealing with the child having dyslexia parents can adopt the following things.
- Teaching speed should be set considering the child’s pace of learning.
- Use audio devices, visual representations for teaching.
- Don’t keep the practice sessions for too long.
- Add creative fun games while teaching.
- Rehearse reading and writing with the child.
- Encourage them when they do things better.
Dyscalculia causes difficulty in performing mathematical calculations, manipulating numbers, and comprehending arithmetic. The child with dyscalculia gets confused in numbers, telling time, etc. Students in preschool may face such difficulties. The percentage of dyscalculia varies between 3-6% of the population.
- Parents should recognize the child’s difficulty with numbers
- Try to use simple and creative number games while practicing
- Board games with dice can stand impactful
- Ask them to count simple things around like the number of pencils, some toys, etc.
Have you noticed that the child has difficulty in writing, giving consistent spacing, and memorizing spellings…?
If parents see the child facing such difficulty then they must be aware of the reason. Dysgraphia is a disorder in which writing skills and some motor skills are affected. It is estimated that about 4% of children face dysgraphia. Lack of neatness in writing, poor spellings, unable to copy words accurately are some of the symptoms of dysgraphia.
Drawing is the first step of a child towards writing skills so the parents should allow them to draw and scribble at an early age. Children learn to draw circles, squares, and some geometrical figures gradually. While scribbling they try to draw some letters if introduced. Thus such activities should be encouraged. For a child in preschool, writing practice should be taken along with the fun breaks.
AUDITORY PROCESSING DISORDER
Auditory processing disorder is also referred to as Central auditory processing disorder. In this, the child faces improper hearing and problems in receiving the language.
The hearing ability has a major impact on learning skills. Thus, APD can affect reading and writing as well. It is problematic for the child to distinguish the sounds clearly. In this, the child talks louder than the necessity.
To take steps towards the cure of APD, parents must be aware of the presence of this disorder in the child. They should notice a child’s difficulties in day to day life. After detecting this disorder guidance from the professionals regarding diagnosis must be considered. The parts of the brain which work for auditory senses mature till the age of 13, thus sometimes the child can completely be cured under professionals guidance.
VISUAL PROCESSING DISORDER
Children may face difficulties in differentiating shapes and sizes of things. Considerable problems in activities like holding the pencils, cutting anything, drawing, understanding the exact size of the toys may lead to visual processing disorder.
This is the disorder in which the brain is not very accurate in processing visual information thus the difficulty in reading and writing arises.
Parents should not only focus on the mistakes done but also the reason behind the mistakes. If the child is unable to distinguish things due to VPD then vision therapy by authorized professionals should be provided.
Children going through learning disorders may need some treatments to overcome. This doesn’t affect the ability and talents they own uniquely. Parents should encourage them to take part in all the activities they would like to. Every child is progressive at their own pace of learning.
Comparing the child with others, abusing them verbally should never be done with any child. Every individual has the right to learn and improve the skills they want. Try to reinforce their childhood with happy moments and self-confidence.
Know their uniqueness and appreciate the way they are. Learn more parenting tips here.